The physical and cognitive changes that occur with aging are often exacerbated by inactivity. A sedentary lifestyle can lead to muscle weakness, joint problems and neurological difficulties that add up to walking discomfort. The result: Unsteadiness when walking, falls that cause bruises and broken bones and, in many elders, fear of straying far from home. Sometimes, a number of minor functional limitations build up to create more serious mobility issues.
Fit, form and function
All of us require tools to enhance and facilitate our passage through the twists and turns of our daily lives. Nowhere is this more evident than for those with mobility restrictions resulting from aging, illness, injury or disability. Purchasing mobility equipment can be a difficult and even overwhelming process, but there are a few small steps you can take to make things easier.
The first thing to do is to assess your elder’s medical needs, and determine how any new equipment will improve their mobility and lifestyle. When choosing a mobility aid, make safety and ease of use your top priorities. It is always wise, also, to ask the advice of health professionals and knowledgeable home healthcare retailers. When you have access to these valuable individuals, don’t be afraid to ask questions!
Prevent trouble in advance—keep your eyes open!
Look out for certain conditions in the home that might cause problems for your loved one, whether or not they are using a mobility aid. These include household hazards, mess and clutter on commonly used routes, slippery or wet floors, loose rugs or scatter mats, poor lighting, thresholds that create an obstacle and unsafe bathrooms.
Selecting the right equipment
In addition to thinking about what equipment might help your loved one physically, you should also consider their current and future needs and goals, budget, availability, type of use (indoor/outdoor) and the length of time the equipment will be needed for. It’s also a good idea to find out about warranties and servicing. And remember, safety should be at the top of the list!
Include the user in decision-making. Ask questions and discuss how, when and where they want to use the equipment. For some, passive indoor use without a lot of transferring and dismantling is acceptable. In my mother’s case, her equipment needed to be easy to fold for when we wanted to take her out of the nursing home. I thought about whether her wheelchair would be suitable in a walkathon, a parade and at a family picnic, and what equipment would have to come along when she stayed for a few days at my brother’s cottage.
Take note of colour and style. Today’s equipment manufacturers offer finishes and accessories that give us choice. Purple walkers and red wheelchairs are for those with a certain taste; more neutral shades suit others. Ask your loved one which they prefer.
One size doesn’t fit all
Make sure the product meets the specific needs of the person who will be using it. Just because something is on sale or available second hand, that doesn’t mean it is right for your parent. Also, make sure the correct adjustments are made to ensure the “best fit” is obtained. (Most equipment allows for some personal adjustments, especially bigger-ticket items.)
Beware of false economy
Price shouldn’t always be the deciding factor. Quality, durability, safety and function are what matter in the long run. Style and brand might also be a consideration for some elders. Look for products and manufacturers with a good history and a sure future. Ask for testimonials and reviews. Remember your teenager—they’ll only use something if they like it.
Buy or rent from a qualified retailer
Finding a reliable equipment supplier is part of your job as a caregiver. In the case of wheelchairs and similar products, it is vital to purchase the device from a qualified, expert dealer who specializes in home and healthcare products. Online doesn’t always work. Most dealers can speak the language of the physician and therapist, but still communicate clearly with you. Look for fast, efficient service and a support network that will make repairs easier.
Loaner/trial or rental equipment is sometimes a good way to get started. Try to arrange a visit from the dealer to your parent’s home or facility. In smaller centres, try to find experts who are willing to travel to you, or ask your local occupational therapist or physiotherapist for a referral.
Ask about delivery timelines
Depending on your location and the product you select, you may find yourself waiting for delivery. Funding approvals and paperwork, rather than a shortage of equipment, often cause delays. Check with the home healthcare dealer and therapist for their advice on speeding up the process.
Should you customize?
Customizing isn’t as onerous as it sounds. Sometimes, a few modifications or special combinations can make all the difference. Today’s equipment is generally versatile and adjustable, and experienced home healthcare professionals can often reduce the risk of pressure sores, accidents or discomfort with a few well-thought-through alterations. This is especially important for “high-needs” individuals, where skin integrity issues and deteriorating conditions should place seating and mobility issues top of mind.
Don’t expect immediate enthusiasm
Given human pride, social situations and a fear of losing independence, many elders are reluctant to admit their mobility is decreasing. It’s often a struggle to obtain what the industry calls “compliance.” Many well-intentioned adult children have told me that the brand-new walker they just bought their mother is sitting in the corner of the dining room—untouched.
Give it time and ask a professional to help your loved one understand the benefits of their new equipment and how to use it. All the nagging in the world won’t get your parent going before they’re good and ready.
As a rule of thumb, a needs assessment is done by a health professional and for a wheelchair or walker should consider the following:
- What is the user’s physical and cognitive ability?
- What are the user’s lifestyle requirements?
- Is the chair or walker for permanent or temporary use?
- Is it for self or assisted mobility?
- Do any environmental issues/regulations and limitations need to be taken into account?
- What options are available?
- What is the seat to floor height?
- How tall is the person?
- Will the user’s needs change over time?
- Are their any pressure-reduction needs?
- What is the user’s eligibility for funding?
A walker for many reasons
Walkers or rollators have applications for many lifestyles. People with not only physical conditions but also neurological ones can be helped by the use of a walker. For those with the following conditions, walkers offer increased safety, comfort and autonomy in a variety of ways.
- Parkinson’s disease: Individuals with Parkinson’s disease tend to walk faster and faster until they fall. Using a rollator provides the individual with support and a barrier that will push back, slow them down. Adding an optional slow-down brake will help further when cognition is an issue.
- Alzheimer’s disease: People with Alzheimer’s disease need a focal point—a frame of reference. A walker can keep their attention more focused on their environment.
- Respiratory conditions: You can attach a heavy oxygen tank through an oxygen holder accessory, which clips easily onto the basket. The seat of the walker provides a place to rest when the user is tired or short of breath.
- Broken hip: At times, after breaking a hip or having a hip replacement, a person cannot walk as far as before. Plus, support is needed when walking. In these situations, an uninterrupted walking pattern is important.
- Stroke: Some people who have experienced a mild stroke can still walk with a rollator, using a one-hand brake and one forearm support on the affected side.
- Arthritis: Those with arthritis often require support when walking and usually can’t walk long distances without resting. Accessories such as anatomical handles can be added to maximize use and independence, while minimizing fatigue.
- Osteoporosis: Individuals with osteoporosis often stoop, and invariably need help to stand up and walk. A walker with the handles slightly extended can help them to move independently and encourage improved breathing and better posture. The walker also offers safety from falling.
5 Key Questions to ask a retailer
1 What are your qualifications?
2 Is this really right for my situation?
3 What’s the product’s/manufacturer’s track record?
4 Do you provide free equipment trials?
5 Is there a warranty or service support?
This article was written by Caroline Tapp-McDougall
Many thanks to Caregiver Solutions for sharing these articles with our community
Posted by Jordan Kalist